Jessica Xu

MIT Scholar’s Creative Method to Designing Medical Gadgets

Jessica Xu

Jessica Xu, a senior finding out mechanical engineering, has mixed her ardour for artwork and engineering by way of her work on medical units. Credit score: John Freidah

Every little thing is a canvas for senior Jessica Xu. A prolific artist, Xu has explored numerous media together with pen and ink, coloured pencil, and watercolor. In her time at MIT, she has expanded her horizon past conventional media — turning locations on campus into artworks.

As a first-year pupil, Xu painted a mural within the tunnels beneath MIT’s campus by way of the Borderline Tunnel Undertaking. Afterward, she collaborated with UA Innovation to remodel the “Banana Lounge” with pupil mural artwork. Throughout this 12 months’s Impartial Actions Interval, she co-led digital “Chalk of the Day Workshops” to offer college students with an inventive outlet throughout quarantine.

Along with reworking on a regular basis areas into artwork, Xu attracts inspiration from on a regular basis areas for her engineering work. When contemplating a redesign for TILT, a wheelchair attachment that enables customers to navigate areas that aren’t wheelchair accessible, Xu was impressed by the design of visitors lights.

“That’s the inventive aspect coming in. I’m all the time trying round, discovering connections between issues and attempting to attract inspiration from nearly anyplace,” Xu says.

Chalk of the Day Workshops

A prolific artist, Xu co-led digital “Chalk of the Day Workshops” in MIT’s Impartial Actions Interval to offer college students with an inventive outlet throughout quarantine. Credit score: Jessica Xu

Upon coming to MIT, Xu was desperate to deal with subjects associated to well being and medical system design. She was significantly drawn to creating options for folks to stay extra independently. When deciding what main to declare, she discovered her dwelling in mechanical engineering.

“I landed on mechanical engineering particularly as a result of I spotted I’m way more energized working intently with finish customers to develop options,” she says. “Due to my background as an artist, I additionally are inclined to assume in additional bodily or spatial phrases, which made mechanical engineering a very good match.”

Xu enrolled within the versatile mechanical engineering Course 2A program with a focus in medical units and a humanities, arts, and social sciences focus in historical past of structure, artwork, and design. For her 2A focus, she proposed a listing of courses exploring a spread of medical applied sciences from human augmentation to assistive applied sciences to designing medical implants.

“I actually love the Course 2A flexibility in letting me deal with mechanical engineering whereas additionally diving into a few of my different pursuits that aren’t repeatedly lined within the core engineering courses,” says Xu.

Jessica Xu Smita Bhattacharjee

Jessica Xu and fellow mechanical engineering senior Smita Bhattacharjee (proper) with an early prototype of the TILT wheelchair attachment on the MIT Legatum Heart Journey Grant Displays in fall 2019. Credit score: TILT

Fall of her sophomore 12 months, Xu joined MIT’s Therapeutic Know-how Design and Growth Lab as a analysis assistant. Below the steerage of Ellen Roche, affiliate professor of mechanical engineering and W.M. Keck Profession Growth Professor in Biomedical Engineering, Xu helped design a minimally invasive supply system for a patch that may very well be positioned on a beating coronary heart and used to ship medication. Extra not too long ago, she helped design a supply instrument for an implantable ventilator that actively strikes an individual’s diaphragm.

“Jessica is a methodical, inventive, and gifted engineer and a very good communicator. She has been an absolute pleasure to work with on these two tasks. Her mature understanding of the engineering design course of enhanced the units our group has been engaged on,” provides Roche.

The identical semester she began working with Roche on therapeutic units, Xu joined fellow mechanical engineering pupil Smita Bhattacharjee engaged on TILT, which started in school EC.720 (D-Lab: Design). The challenge hopes to handle the shortage of wheelchair accessibility in creating areas, significantly in India.

“This isn’t only a technical drawback, it’s an enormous social drawback. Wheelchair customers in these areas typically can’t simply exit their dwelling, go get an schooling, go to work, or simply have interaction with their communities,” Xu says.

TILT gives an answer for the shortage of wheelchair accessibility. A pair of ski-like objects attaches to the wheelchair, enabling somebody to simply assist wheelchair customers glide up or down stairs. This easy design makes TILT simple to make use of in areas with restricted assets, particularly in comparison with dearer options similar to robotic stair climbing wheelchairs.

“The trouble started as a collaboration between MIT and Indian Institute of Know-how (IIT) college students with the encouragement of 1 the D-Lab Design instructors,” provides Sorin Grama, a lecturer at MIT D-Lab. “It was an excellent instance of a global collaboration to grasp and clear up a urgent want in an rising market, a core tenet of D-Lab.”

Impressed by how visitors lights are hung, Xu made a essential redesign of TILT’s attachment mechanism. With the design optimized, the pair was joined by one other mechanical engineering pupil, Nisal Ovitagala, and so they started to discover finest ramp up manufacturing at scale and develop a enterprise mannequin. They sought assist and funding from applications together with MIT Sandbox Innovation Fund Program and the Legatum Heart for Growth and Entrepreneurship at MIT to enhance their entrepreneurial abilities.

This help paid off because the TILT group was awarded a $10,000 juried grant on the IDEAS Social Innovation Problem in Might 2020.

Bhattacharjee, Xu, and Ovitagala have been persevering with work on TILT all through their senior 12 months. Most not too long ago, they’ve labored on additional bodily prototyping and design ideation with the consumer expertise in thoughts. They hope to begin subject testing with wheelchair customers in India as soon as journey turns into secure.

Xu has additionally explored her ardour for democratizing health-care innovation by way of her involvement in MIT Hacking Medication. Most not too long ago, she was the occasion co-lead for Constructing for Digital Well being 2021, which featured a tech discuss collection and a hackathon organized in partnership with Google Cloud.

Xu sees parallels between her work on medical units, together with TILT, and the way she views artwork.

“Once we have a look at artwork, we see an concept that’s portrayed by way of the lens of the artists, the patron, the tradition at giant. We all the time must query what or who’s neglected, both consciously or unconsciously. What are we not seeing?” Xu says. “It’s the identical with engineering, particularly with medical units and tasks like TILT. After I’m engaged on addressing issues for those who I don’t have the lived expertise of, I all the time must query: What assumptions do I’ve? What blind spots do I’ve? What am I not seeing?”

After graduating this spring, Xu plans to pursue a grasp’s diploma to construct upon the work she has executed at MIT in getting ready for a profession within the medical system business. Regardless of the future holds, she plans on combining her twin passions of engineering and artwork to resolve issues that enhance the lives of others.

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